Access to Justice

Our research, 2S/TNBGD Perspectives on Access to Justice: A Legal Needs Assessment has officially been published.

Project Files

Short Zine: FR / ENG
Full Report: FR / ENG

About the project

This study, funded by Women and Gender Equality Canada, brought together, in 2021 and 2022, a sample of just over 700 2S/TNBGD individuals from across the country. Its aim was to assess the needs, aspirations, and issues faced by these individuals regarding justice. The researchers made alarming discoveries some of which include: 93% of the participants reported experiencing legal problems in their lifetime, with 54% experiencing five or more. 73% attested that they faced harassment specifically targeting their 2S/TNBNG identity. These issues were noted to be more prevalent among Indigenous, racialized, immigrant, or disabled participants on average. This research also recorded critical feedback on systemic injustices and hopes for more just practices for 2S/TNBGD individuals. Many of them criticized law enforcement, the Canadian judicial and penal systems, and dreamed of a world without prisons, where community organizations would be adequately funded.

Project Resources

TRANSforming Justice Trans Legal Needs Assessment Ontario

This project collected data from legal professionals and 2S/TNBGD community members across Ontario from 2016 to 2017. The goals of the project included assessing the legal needs of trans people in Ontario and identifying access to justice barriers. The final report, released in 2018, can be accessed here.

Canadian Legal Problems Survey

This survey is currently being conducted by Statistics Canada to identify types of legal problems people in Canada encounter, how they resolve them, and the impacts these experiences have. The data is expected to be released in early 2022. For more information click here.

Trans PULSE Canada Survey

This research, based on previous data collected in Ontario, surveyed people over the age of 14 living in Canada as “a gender other than what they were assigned at birth”. The results are still being released in the form of academic papers, slide sets, community reports, and infographics. More information and results can be found here.